There are many reasons that lead to cataracts, but in the United States, age is the major factor. Most people who develop cataracts receive their diagnosis after age 40; they will not need treatment beyond routine eye exams and some lifestyle changes until they’re 60 years of age.
There are some kinds of cataracts that can progress more rapidly, requiring treatment in just a few years of the initial diagnosis, rather than decades. These cataracts may occur in younger adults, plus they’re more likely to result from trauma, illness, or radiation exposure than just age.
How Can Your Ophthalmologist Determine Your Cataracts Are Fast-Developing?
The sole means to ascertain if any kind of illness is fast-moving is with regular eye checkups. Your eye doctor will use some diagnostic evaluations to decide whether your vision issues are caused by a cataract.
Visual Acuity Test
This is actually the classic eye chart with a collection of letters in various sizes to measure how you can view and read the letters/numbers.
Starting here, your eye doctor should have the ability to compare your current eye graph results with previous tests and understand how your vision was influenced. They could then know what other evaluations to perform, to understand if this problem is progressing slowly or rapidly.
Dilated Eye Exam
An eye doctor uses special eyedrops to dilate the pupils of your eyes, allowing them to see into the rear-side of one’s eye, including the organs and vasculature from the eye. The physician will examine your retina and optic nerve for damage to eliminate severe trauma that can cause vision changes. While your eyes are dilated, they may be able to see whitening, spotted, streaked, or yellowing areas on your lens, that they may diagnose as potential cataract.
This test can involve numbing drops put into patients eye; afterward, a tool is applied directly into the eye to measure the internal pressure. In case, the pressure is diagnosed to be high, you may be on verge of developing glaucoma or it could be related to other issues like a recent accident. This evaluation will help your eye doctor know whether your visual effects are linked to another condition besides cataracts.
Post Eye Checkup Analysis
As soon as you receive a precise identification and you also learn that you do have cataracts, your ophthalmologist will determine what type of cataracts are impacting your vision based on its form and location within your lens. This might also be centered on your actual age if you have had an accident or disease which impacts your vision, and also how rapidly your visual effects.
If your cataracts are advancing rapidly then there are higher possibilities that your doctor will recommend a surgery earlier. All cataracts, whether they progress quickly or gradually, will result in surgery at any time because the lens will undoubtedly be too cloudy or yellowed for the vision to work normally. Nevertheless, in people under the age of 40, surgery might be the preferred treatment in contrast to monitoring the progress of cataracts for several years.