Glaucoma is a chronic eye disorder where the inner pressure of your eye rises to a stage that the optic nerve is damaged. It’s among the primary causes of blindness in the USA. The cause of glaucoma is unknown. When draining from the eye is disrupted and when the balance of fluid is discontinuous, it generates stress within the eye. Blood vessels and the neural fibers in the optic nerve can be ruined by this pressure. Tumor, infection or an injury in or about the eye can also cause the pressure to grow.
Glaucoma most frequently occurs in individuals over the age of 40 and there is a hereditary tendency to get its development of the disease in some families. Glaucoma may frequently be controlled, if diagnosed at an early period and modest or no further vision loss should occur. If left untreated, side vision (peripheral vision) and afterward central vision will be ruined and blindness may occur.
There are two kinds of glaucoma, primary open-angle, and acute angle-closure. Principal open-angle frequently develops and is far more prevalent. There are warning signals. Without you knowing, it may slowly destroy your vision. The less common serious angle-closure glaucoma results from a sudden blockage of drainage channels in mind and induces a rapid build-up of pressure accompanied by blurred vision, the look of colored rings around lights and pain or redness at the eyes.
Here are five essential tips to preserve your vision from glaucoma:
Schedule a comprehensive eye examination. Our comprehensive eye examinations include tests including a very simple and painless procedure called that measures your eye’s pressure.Inform your eye care professional of your medical history so he/she can take it into account when performing your eye exam. During the examination, your physician will also analyze the health of the optic nerve and then measure your field of vision.
Exercise. A daily routine of moderate exercise may benefit your eye health. Various studies have shown that walking or jogging three or more times per week can have a lowering effect in strain created within the eyes.
Protect your eyes. Eye injuries which could lead to glaucoma is a significant preservation method that must be followed. Wear sunglasses and protective eye wear when playing sports or working on projects that may bring harm to your eyes. Prevent eye infections by washing your hands regularly, replacing and cleaning contact lenses as directed, and using eye drops when in dusty and dry conditions.
Eat healthily. Important nutrients such as lutein and zeaxanthin, are found in egg yolks and green leafy vegetables. They could protect your vision. Vegetables like foods and berries which contain omega-3 fats are beneficial for your eye health.
Pay attention to your risk factors. Anyone can develop glaucoma, however, many people are more likely to receive it. Risk factors include a family history of glaucoma, age, African American ancestry eye injuries or surgeries, including diabetes and higher blood pressure.
FYI, January is celebrated as a Glaucoma Awareness Month each year. So make sure you share as much information about this chronic disease to each and every one.